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Common Health Issues in Hedgehogs and How to Avoid Them

Do you know the typical hedgehog health issues you can encounter when you have an exotic pet? Do you know what to look for when your pet is ill? We’ll give you a few ideas to help the new pet owner, but you will find out much more at your first wellness visit to the clinic.

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Common hedgehog health issues

Digestive upsets

  • Vomiting or diarrhea

  • Increased or decreased appetite

  • Weight gain or loss


  • Constant scratching

  • Flaky skin

  • Loss of quills

Ear infections

  • Head scratching

  • Tilting the head

  • Balance issues

  • Drainage from the ear

Respiratory trouble

  • Sneezing, coughing, or wheezing, especially at rest


  • Common after the third year of age

  • Obvious tumor may or may not be present

Fungal infections

  • Quill loss

  • Crusting

  • Scratching excessively

Other signs your hedgehog may need an exotic pet vet

  • Loose or broken teeth

  • Paralysis

  • Pain or stiffness when moving

  • Weakness

Hedgehog wellness tips

  • Seek medical care for signs of distress, especially at rest

  • Buy toys made specifically for your hedgehog to minimize injuries

  • Put in a hiding place like a box or wood hiding house

  • Always allow access to water in a clean bowl

  • Clean and change bedding and litter often

  • Get regular checkups at the exotic pet vet every six to twelve months

Long Island Bird & Exotics Veterinary Clinic has the skills, experience, and equipment to provide proper care for your hedgehog. Your pet needs specialized care because they are a unique member of the family. Help your pet live a long life by using our services each year to provide a routine check and wellness exam. If you ever need emergency services or diagnostic testing, we have the leading equipment in the industry to make sure your pet gets the best care.

To find out more about hedgehog wellness tips or to get your first visit scheduled, call our office today at 516-482-1101.


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